Neuroscientists Awarded School of Medicine Voucher

The Duke University School of Medicine has awarded an $8,000 voucher to Duke Anesthesiology’s Niccolò Terrando, PhD, and Zhiquan Zhang, PhD, for their project, titled “Preventing Memory Dysfunction after Surgery with a Novel Pro-Resolving Peptide from Annexin-A1.”

Major surgery, including cardiac and orthopedic, often causes neurological complications such as delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. According to the project investigators, there are currently no safe and effective therapies to prevent or limit these complications in patients. Dr. Zhang previously developed a bioactive peptide (ANXA1sp) derived from the N-terminal domain of the human protein Annexin-A1 (ANXA1), a critical molecule involved in the resolution of inflammation. Ongoing studies with this peptide are revealing promising effects in protecting the brain against excessive neuroinflammation after surgery, which is becoming a key contributor to memory deficit.

This voucher, in collaboration with the Mouse Behavioral and Neuroendocrine Shared Core, will help Drs. Zhang and Terrando validate the effects of this peptide on cognitive, as well as higher order memory tasks, in their models of cognitive dysfunction after major surgery. Given the impact of neuroinflammation on memory function across many different neurological disorders, this therapy could provide fundamental knowledge to direct future studies and therapy development for numerous conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.

Dr. Terrando is an assistant professor in anesthesiology, a collaborator with Duke Anesthesiology’s Center for Translational Pain Medicine and the director of the Neuroinflammation and Cognitive Outcomes Laboratory which studies the mechanisms underlying postoperative neurocognitive disorders with a strong focus on neuroinflammation, innate immunity and behavior. Dr. Zhang is an assistant professor in anesthesiology and a member of Dr. Terrando’s lab.