ACES Mentors

Elliott Bennett-Guerrero, MD

Professor of Anesthesiology
Director, Perioperative Clinical Research at the Duke Clinical Research Institute

My areas of research interest center around the design and conduct of both observational and interventional clinical trials.  Recent studies have focused on systemic inflammation, perioperative coagulation, postoperative wound infection, and the effect of long-term storage on red blood cell morphology and function.

Ashraf Habib, MB, ChB, MSc

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Interim Chief, Division of Women’s Anesthesia

My research interest focuses on optimizing outcomes in the perioperative period and in obstetric patients. Recent studies have addressed multiple areas including opioid sparing analgesic adjuncts in the management of acute pain, development of an optimal strategy to manage postoperative nausea and vomiting, assessing risk factors for respiratory depression in the perioperative period, use of non invasive techniques to assess cardiac output in the parturient, and optimizing maternal hemodynamics, vasopressor support and antiemetic management in women undergoing cesarean section.

Ru-Rong Ji, PhD

Professor of Anesthesiology
Chief, Pain Research

The main goal of the Sensory Plasticity Laboratory is to identify novel molecular and cellular mechanisms that underlie the genesis of chronic pain. Current research includes pathogenesis of pain via neural-glial interactions, resolution of pain by anti-inflammatory and pro-resolution mediators, and molecular mechanisms of itch. We believe that tackling the mechanisms of pain induction and resolution will lead to the development of novel therapeutics for chronic pain and itch.

Stephen Klein, MD

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Chief, Division of Ambulatory Anesthesia
Medical Director, Ambulatory Surgery Center

Our research interests are focused on developing novel methods of regional anesthesia, continuous catheter techniques and strategies to advance outpatient anesthesia.  Recent projects involve new device development, database analysis and mechanisms of peripheral nerve block.

Madan Kwatra, PhD

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Associate Professor of Pharmacology & Cancer Biology
Associate Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

My research includes investigation of inflammatory and anticholinergic mechanisms of postoperative delirium and molecular pharmacology of the NK1 tachykinin receptor, which plays a role in pain, inflammation, and cancer.

Joseph P. Mathew, MD

Jerry Reves, MD, Professor of Cardiac Anesthesiology
Interim Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology

My primary research focus is on identification of risk factors for and prevention of neurocognitive dysfunction after cardiac surgery. Current projects assess the relationship between metabolomic expression within the cerebral circulation and postoperative neurocognitive function, evaluate the association between genotype and neurocognitive outcome, and apply function magnetic resonance imaging to assess cognitive injury after surgery. Additional areas of research interest include prediction and treatment of atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery and perioperative transesophageal echocardiography.

Richard Moon, MD

Professor of Anesthesiology and Medicine
Chief Division of General, Vascular, and Transplant Anesthesia
Medical Director, Hyperbaric Center

My research encompasses the physiology of extreme environments (altitude and diving), perioperative respiratory function and monitoring of organ function during hypovolemia. Present investigations include monitoring cardiac and vascular effects of immersed exercise, with the aim of understanding and preventing pulmonary edema during swimming and diving. Other investigations include the use of enteral monitoring to detect bowel hypoxia during hypovolemia and application of fractal analysis to heartbeat and respiratory pattern, with the aim of developing noninvasive techniques for predicting opioid-induced respiratory depression and hypovolemic shock.

Wulf Paschen, PhD

Professor in Anesthesiology

Our research is focused on understanding the mechanisms of neuronal cell death in cerebral ischemia and stroke. We have a special interest in post-translational protein modifications by small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO), which is dramatically activated after cerebral ischemia. Our goal is to elucidate the role of the SUMO conjugation pathway for the fate of post-ischemic neurons, using biochemical and molecular biological tools.

Mihai Podgoreanu, MD

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology
Director, Duke Perioperative Genomics Program
Systems Modeling of Perioperative Organ Injury Laboratory

Our laboratory uses evolutionary and systems biology approaches to understand the mechanisms responsible for perioperative cardiovascular adverse events following cardiac surgery. We employ various genomic technologies to characterize and identify evolutionarily conserved myocardial responses to perioperative stress in two animal models of cardiac surgery (rat and pig) and in human patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A parallel line of collaborative investigation explores the genetic basis for the progression and severity of vein graft disease and major adverse cardiac events after coronary bypass surgery using whole-genome association analysis.

Mark Stafford-Smith, MD

Professor of Anesthesiology
Director, Adult Cardiothoracic Anesthesia and Critical Care Fellowship
Director, Fellowship Education Program
Vice Chair, Education

The focus of my research is towards the understanding and prevention of acute kidney injury after cardiac and other major surgeries. Secondary interests include the study of analgesic strategies after cardiothoracic surgical procedures, performance of clinical trials, and perioperative transfusion and hemostasis.

Madhav Swaminathan, MD

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Clinical Director, Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology

My research interests focus on acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. We place a special emphasis on developing a small-animal model of AKI and determine mechanisms of renal salvage through endogenous repair and regeneration processes. An additional area of research interest is in validating new techniques of myocardial tissue characterization using transesophageal echocardiography in adults undergoing cardiac surgery.

Daniel W. Tracey, PhD

Assistant Professor in Anesthesiology, Cell Biology, Neurobiology

Research in the Molecular Genetics of Pain Signaling Laboratory aims to understand the general principles that govern the specification and function of neuronal circuits. We study this using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster whose relatively simplified nervous system must perform many of the same computations that are carried out by our own. Despite its simplified brain, Drosophila perform an array of complex behaviors. Powerful genetic tools of Drosophila enable the dissection of neural circuits with a precision that is not matched in any other model system. Genetically encoded calcium sensors allow us to measure the neuronal activity of identified neurons while neuronal silencers and activators allow us to determine the behavioral consequences of the same activity. We are currently focusing on understanding how the fly brain encodes the temperature of the external environment. Navigation of temperature is critical to the survival of all living organisms but the mechanisms of encoding temperature in the brain are virtually unknown. In addition, we are using the fly model to identify circuits and genes that function in nociception. These latter studies will lead to a greater understanding of sensory and central aspects of pain signaling.  Finally, we are attempting to identify the molecules that are used in neurosensory mechanotransduction, which underlies our sense of touch.

Jeffrey Taekman, MD

Professor of Anesthesiology
Assistant Dean for Education Technology
Director, Human Simulation and Patient Safety Center

My research interests cover a broad range of topics surrounding simulation, education, and patient safety. Recent work includes using virtual environments for healthcare education and training, measuring healthcare team performance, and improving the safety and quality of clinical trials. Other projects involve the use of advanced informatics in healthcare and healthcare education.

David S. Warner, MD

Vice Chair for Research
Chief, Division of Basic Science
Distinguished Professor of Anesthesiology, in the School of Medicine
Professor of Anesthesiology
Professor in Neurobiology
Professor of Surgery

My work is focused on the study of pathomechanisms and treatment of acute brain injury.  Laboratory based work is highly translational, serving as a preclinical environment for validating therapeutic interventions in models of stroke, cardiac arrest, cerebral vasospasm, and traumatic brain injury.

Annemarie Thompson, MD

Welcome to the Duke Anesthesiology Residency Program! As the program’s director, I have the privilege to lead, support, and mentor outstanding young physicians in our residency program. I am equally honored to work with the Duke Anesthesiology faculty, internationally known for its peerless clinicians, unparalleled education, and groundbreaking research. The Triangle (Durham-Raleigh-Chapel Hill area) is well known for its major universities, Research Triangle Park, baseball, barbecue, and of course, basketball. But you might be pleasantly surprised by the less well-known advantages of living and working in the area when you visit Duke. For medical students seeking world-class training in a challenging but supportive environment, I cannot imagine a better place to begin your journey. – Annemarie Thompson, MD

Watch this video to learn why our rising CA-1 residents wanted to Match with the Duke Anesthesiology Residency Program!

Contact Us

Jessica Burkhart
Residency Program Coordinator
Department of Anesthesiology
Office: 919-681-3811

Shelby Schultz
Junior Program Coordinator
Department of Anesthesiology
Office: 919-681-2924